电光与控制, 2018, 25(11): 62, 网络出版: 2018-11-01
Heavyweight Airdrop of Transport Aircraft: Models and Control Problems
1空军哈尔滨飞行学院理论训练系, 哈尔滨 150000
2空军工程大学航空航天工程学院, 西安 710038
运输机重装空投是一项前沿和尖端的军事技术, 近年来已成为学术界竞相研究的热点。对重装空投过程的动力学模型和飞行控制方法研究现状进行了综述, 分析了整体法建模及分离体法建模的优缺点和适用性, 研究了线性控制、动态逆控制、滑模变结构控制、反步控制以及模型参考自适应控制等先进控制方法在重装空投控制器设计中的应用情况, 讨论了当前重装空投控制器设计中存在的问题与挑战, 为下一步的研究提供帮助和借鉴。
Heavyweight airdrop of the transport aircraft is an advanced and sophisticated military technology, which has become a research hotspot in the academic field. The research status of the dynamic models and flight control approaches in heavyweight airdrop operations are reviewed in this paper.The advantages, disadvantages as well as the applicability of the integrated modeling method and the separated modeling method are analyzed. The application of such advanced control methods as linear control, dynamic inversion control, sliding mode variable structure control, Backstepping control and model reference adaptive control in the design of heavyweight airdrop controller are studied. The existing problems and challenges in the design of heavyweight airdrop controller are discussed, which is helpful for further research.